The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional Chinese festival. The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of August of the lunar calendar. The earliest origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival is people's worship of the moon and the sky. Long ago, people would offer sacrifices to the moon. Although up to now we have very few people will worship the moon on this day, but there is still the custom of appreciating the moon. Admiring the moon is one of the indispensable activities of the Mid-Autumn Festival. Besides admiring the moon, there are many other customs, such as eating moon cakes and guessing lantern riddles. As a traditional festival of our country, the Mid-Autumn Festival has many interesting stories, the most famous one is Chang 'e running to the moon. The Mid-Autumn Festival has a long history, it has a very special place in our hearts.
Ancient moon worship
The Mid-Autumn Festival originated from the worship of the moon celestial bodies. The worship of the sun and the moon is one of the important contents of primitive religion. In ancient China, there were religious rites and customs to sacrifice the sun and the moon. The two celestial bodies, the sun and the moon, are the representatives of Yin and Yang respectively. The normal operation of the sun and the moon is the guarantee of the harmony of the universe, so the ancients attached great importance to the sacrifice of the sun and the moon.
The Yin people had divided the sun and the moon into the East mother and the West mother. According to the time attribute of the sun and the moon, the Zhou Dynasty carried out the worship of the sun and the moon: "pretending to have great events will be in accordance with the time of the day, and putting (imitation) on the sun and the moon for the day and the night."
In the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the Sun and the moon were called the Eastern Emperor and the Western Queen. In Han Dynasty stone carvings in Yinan, the Queen Mother of the West and the King of the East sit on columns (some say Kunlun Mountain), and the Queen Mother of the West kneel on both sides of the Jade rabbit pounded medicine. It can be seen that Guo Pu's "Mountain and Sea Classic Tuzan" is based on the statement that "Kunlun Moon is fine, water is Lingfu", and the later moon god Chang 'e is evolved from the Queen Mother of the West (the earliest name is Changxi).
The royal monopoly on the right to worship the moon
In the Qin and Han Dynasties, sun and moon sacrifices were still imperial rituals. Since then, the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Sui and Tang Dynasties, as well as the Ming and Qing dynasties all have the rites of the autumn equinox. Now the Moon Altar Park in Beijing is the altar field of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
In ancient times, the sacrificial moon was included in the royal sacrificial ceremony and routine sacrificial ceremony as a seasonal sacrificial ceremony, and the folk lacked the news of the sacrificial moon. This may be related to ancient societies. It is related to theocrats control. After the "Jedi Tiantong", only the royal family can communicate with the heaven and earth gods representing Yin and Yang, and ordinary people naturally have no opportunity to worship. The moon is an external mysterious dominating force for the common people, unable to approach it and sacrifice to it. Therefore, the customs of folk moon worship in the Chinese cultural system were not recorded in the Han and Wei periods, let alone the appearance of festivals centered on moon worship.
The Mid-Autumn Festival eventually became a folk festival
After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, with the enrichment of astronomical knowledge and the progress of era culture, the sacred color of the moon obviously faded. At this time, the royal family gradually lost its exclusive authority over the sacrifice of the moon god. Although there was no Mid-Autumn Festival in the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival has become a fashion for literates to enjoy the moon. In the mythology of the moon god inherited from ancient times, in addition to the lonely Chang 'e, toad and Jade Rabbit, Wu Gang was banished to the moon palace. The moon god has evolved from the original god of the universe to a deity with Taoist color.
The Mid-Autumn Festival of the Song Dynasty has become a folk festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival has a day off, and the moon is the center. The Mid-Autumn night of the Song Dynasty was a sleepless night, and officials in charge of public security also lifted the routine curfew.
After the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the practical utilitarian factors in social life became prominent, and the secular interest became stronger in the age period. The lyrical and magical literator tradition centered on "enjoying the moon" is weakened, and the utilitarianism worship, prayer and secular emotions and wishes constitute the main form of the common people's Mid-Autumn Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival has become an important node in people's time and life.
Mid autumn Festival
The Mid Autumn Festival is drawing near.
wish your career and life as it phases of the Mid-Autumn Festival, bright bright, festive!
I take this opportunity goes to you my heartfelt blessing: I wish you all the best and every success.
An inter-mining Mingyue for your viewing, weave a cool autumn you covered, as appropriate pieces of glass Moon Palace drunken your heart, and do a blessing Zhong Yuan your dreams.
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